How to travel hypersonic safely, Hyperloop space travel does

Hyperloop suggests hypersonic travel, but in reality, the very name is a diversion away from ET3’s near-vacuum environment version that’s a hypersonic Hyperloop. Hyperloop’s initial design intent was always limited to supersonic status.

ET3 and the latest Hyperloop developments agree that using fans and air hockey bearings is a dead-bad idea… and what about the “rail gun” thing? All disproven and dropped from any serious effort that’s gotten significant traction to date – not to mention using larger bus-like capsules and the idea that it’s a hyperloop train.

In order to move at hypersonic speed – like 4000 Mph, no trains & smaller capsules. Hyperloop One is leading things as there’s talk of smaller capsules and pod caravans that will switch tubes automatically to reach respective destinations. Think Internet for people and things.

Using a low-pressure atmosphere travel path and fans to thrust a hyperloop pod along the route, Elon’s idea simply sandbags the greater potential of vacuum environment travel – it’s essentially a highjacking of a much greater idea that preceded it called ET3 – Evacuated Tube Transportation Technology. So…

Let’s call it HyperloopET3 (HET3) because ET3 at hypersonic 4000 Mph potential doesn’t need to excuse a 750 Mph limitation because of a flawed, inferior design. Atmosphere in the tubes creates drag – a throwback design to the dark ages. Today’s Hyperloop and ET3 go way beyond that and Elon’s original Hyperloop-Alpha presentation.

We”ve heard him explaining away – why Hyperloop can’t exceed the 750 Mph mark, but do we know and understand why? Right before the 57-page Hyperloop-Alpha document appeared on Tesla and Space-X websites, Elon had a visit from Daryl Oster and ET3 principles who weren’t for lack of brilliant ideas, but lacked the funding and authentication to thrust tube transport tech into the spotlight.

Musk’s document did one thing for sure – it thrust HET3 smack into the limelight where it needed to be. We can be thankful for that.

Elon’s top tech talent at Space-X heard Daryl Oster of ET3 present a well-thought-out design that was light years ahead of Elon’s idea… yet, Mr. Musk failed to write a check that would have made history and accelerated the progress of Hyperloop-ET3 technology by 10 years… instead, companies like Virgin Hyperloop-Hyperloop One spent a great deal of time and money discovering what Elon already knew.

That a hypersonic transport system would work best using capsules, magnetic levitation and linear accelerator motors in a near vacuum – space-like environment. Musk knew because his best people had already told him that ET3 was far more elegant and advanced than his speed-diluted 20th century Hyperloop idea. It’s safe to say that most of the Hyperloop efforts have moved on to 21st-century-worthy ideas – thank goodness.

The good news though, despite Elon’s efforts to slow things down – companies such as Hyperloop One have figured it out and are now employing many of the original ideas patented by ET3 as far back as 1999. In addition, by posting and promoting the general idea of traveling in tubes as opposed to riding on rails – has put the entire concept into the spotlight.

For example, when the Hyperloop-Alpha document was first released to the media, that same media was clueless and had nowhere to go but speak with Daryl Oster and Nick Garzilli. Both were on most of the major talking head forums that evening – why? Because there was no one else who could speak intelligently about the topic. The concept was far too new to a surprised and uneducated media not built to address dramatic shifts.

Unfortunately for all the funded efforts to date that have plowed hundreds of $millions in R&D efforts toward the original Hyperloop idea – that’s money and time lost while we continue to wait for Hyperloop’s promiss. It’s nearly 10 years on and the best ideas are beginning to finally take form.

The best example to date with an actual working model is Hyperloop One (Virgin Hyperloop effort). It’s going to be interesting to see the reactions of those efforts when they figure out that Hyperloop’s original concept was more an effort to hijack any real potential. But hey, maybe they just had to learn the hard way? It’s been difficult to watch the hard-knock schooling while knowing we could be so much further ahead by now.

The obvious reason for his textbook magic misdirection is revealed in the beginning of the Alpha document. There it becomes crystal clear that Elon acknowledged ET3 while using psychology that diverted any interest away from that effort. Secondly, within the document, he suggests that flying supersonic planes into space, then landing on the far side of the planet – would be a more economical and better approach. How? You’re still going to have to deal with terminals, layovers, boarding, un-boarding – basically, you’ll have to perform your own gate switching. Not to mention the energy factor and cost.

That suggestion alone tells a lot if you read between the lines. It presents Hyperloop as a slowed down version that can’t compete with his dreams of faster airplanes. By diverting any attention away from ET3’s better approach via labeling it a “failed effort”, that never went anywhere, he effectively manipulated attention to his own idea. Yet, it’s looking like ET3s ideas haven’t failed at all as momentum suggests efforts are embracing the company’s 21st century ideas.

Let’s step back and take a look, put on our thinking caps for a moment to see why this diversionary tactic also contains a flawed set of assumptions…

  • First – the presented assumption of the 750 Mph limit is based on a flawed pneumatic design scheme. Pneumatic means there’s still atmosphere in the tube travel pathways. Movement is subject to aerodynamic effects.
  • Second – atmosphere is just that… air, whether it’s lower density created by a partial vacuum – some air still remains that keeps the entire design in an aerodynamic state. This is where the limit is created – by design.
  • Third – Musk knew of the ET3 design before finishing the Hyperloop-Alpha document – he was aware of the idea of using maglev and linear motors. He was also aware of ET3 patents that suggest using vacuum without atmospheric conditions inside the tubes.
  • Fouth – Hey, the guy’s really into space rocket travel and fully understands the efficiencies and characteristics a vacuum travel path affords. There’s no better travel environment we know of because it’s nature’s very own and best design.
  • Fifth – Let’s assume that Elon knows the difference and give him his due of being smart – unfortunately though, it appears that he’s used the power of his influence and authentication to both promote Tube Transport Technology while injecting a slowdown via design that renders the technology to shorter trips – then explaining why it will never compete with really fast airplanes. Basically, it’s manipulation and an attempt to control the outcome.
  • Sixth – When someone rises to a place of authority or their success places them in a state of being authentic and capable, we don’t usually question them as a culture. We usually jump on board and go with what they say is viable and authentic. That’s on us really… but it’s also fair to say that most don’t know the differences and can become easily misled. It seems more mis-leadership when someone of high profile abuses their privilege and influence because something that’s coming about like ET3 creates a disruption of their ideas or plans. Simply put – conflict of interest.

Also, even though Musk claimed Hyperloop to be his own original idea – there was an effort to reach out to him and Richard Branson by several ET3 participants including myself around the time Elon began to speak of his idea cryptically. He claims he didn’t get the idea from anyone else… but honestly, it seems doubtful that’s true. Tube transportation wouldn’t have been on his radar, he was too involved, engaged and focused as he needed to be with the projects of that time – Space-X and Tesla.

The Hyperloop idea was originally presented by him against the backdrop as a railing against highspeed rail vs something better. Can’t argue there… but if you’re aware of something better, why not jump to that instead of an incremental idea that’s already based on outdated ideas and methods?

Maybe the HSR backdrop was another misdirection to keep attention off of ET3’s more elegant-superior design? Sadly, California along with the federal government continues to promote and drive things in the direction – a deployment of HSR. The cost unfortunately is astronomical for a technology that dates back to the 1800s. Funny thing about this too… relating to our conditioning as a culture is that many are still calling it a Hyperloop Train.

Bottom line here is this: The whole air hockey – air bearing – fan – rail gun thing that was supposed to levitate and move people and things through the tubes has been abandoned by anyone who has put money up toward research and development. These ideas have been solidly disproven by the Virgin Hyperloop effort.

The conclusions are absolute – near vacuum travel environment, maglev and linear motors are the way to go. That’s ET3 with patents awarded starting in 1999 – what Daryl Oster figured out long before Elon Musk had any idea. We should be giving credit to the true inventor instead of crediting an imposter for hijacking another’s brilliant ideas. Yet, when you read about Hyperloop – it’s presented most of the time as Elon Musk’s Hyperloop… completely inaccurate.

So, where do we go from here? What’s the larger promise we should be focusing on and looking at when it comes to the potential promise of HET3 technology? What should U.S. Transport Secretary Pete Buttegieg be thinking about and focusing on as he moves forward with supporting ideas that have been proven – yet are now outdated?

A hint, Europe and much of the world, including China, India and the Middle East have serious effort and initiatives for developing Hyperloop technologies. Euorpe has gone as far as beginning to set standards for networks… they’re serious. They’ve also been there, done that when it comes to rail and HSR application and use. Why should or would the U.S. invest in technology that’s now being left behind for better?

Where do these ideas come from? Here’s a list of words and phrases, commonly used search terms that summarize what people seem to believe and think about Hyperloop: Hyperloop Train, Elon Musk Hyperloop, Hyperloop speed, Hyperloop cost, Elon Musk Hyperloop speed, Hyperloop one, Virgin Hyperloop stock, Elon Musk Hyperloop update… not to mention The Boring Company.

Then there are the questions: Why did Elon Musk stop the Hyperloop? Is Elon Musk still working on Hyperloop? What is the current status of the Hyperloop? When Hyperloop will start in world? At least the last two seem more relevant to the topic. The “when” question is the one everyone wants to know!

There’s a lot of mention of Elon Musk, but I have to ask why? Why when the ideas that are now moving forward are honestly a lot better and in line with what we should be expecting and getting from a properly designed and built hypersonic tube transportation system?

See you in the next segment!

Virgin-less: Hyperloop – One Goes solo

The split off of Virgin from their Hyperloop involvement has taken everyone by surprise along with Hyperloop One’s stated intent to abandon the idea of transporting people. They claim they’re only focusing on freight. Is this a permanent strategy or a step back to get the system going with freight first, and passengers later? And why the Virgin exit?

Both situations create more questions than answers but let’s take a look at things and hopefully find some valid perspective. To me at least, the idea of being able to travel at hypersonic speed – a real potential of traveling in a vacuum state – is extremely attractive and a major reason I’d want to switch my long-distance travel mode away from flying. How about you?

Why would anyone want to stop flying? Why travel in a tube environment that’s controlled and in a vacuum? Are there advantages?

The obvious reasons are: Flying is affected by weather. The travel path since it’s in the atmosphere, is subject to whatever the earth’s weather decides it’s going to throw at you. Lightening, storms, wind, rain, clouds, fog… then there’s always the other planes or some foreign object that might enter the flight path. More reasons why are stated below.

Traveling in a vacuum – space is a vacuum for instance and the oldest and most proven form of travel happens in our universe all the time. For example, our Earth home travels around the sun perpetually in a vacuum. It’s able to do that because a vacuum removes all forms of atmosphere. Just like maglev removes rolling resistance, vacuum environments remove travel path resistance by removing any elemental molecules from that environment.

The advantages of a vacuum travel path are multiple. Efficiency increases dramatically – for example, ET3 has calculated that a 90% efficiency rate can be gained in a vacuum.

Speed – a vacuum allows anything within it to travel at much higher speeds without disturbance. No air molecules means an almost unlimited speed potential. The only limiting factors would be the curvature of the earth and gravity’s effect including g forces where tubes have to have curves, go up or downhill. 4000 Mph is the estimated limit assuming radius of curves are no smaller than 250 miles and you want to keep g forces limited to 1 g.

Why maglev and linear motors?

Maglev isn’t a new idea, it’s been applied to six high-speed rail projects. China has three, South Korea – has two and Japan has one. In the case of train technology – maglev reduces rolling component friction by eliminating anything that touches anything else. Wheels and rails touch one another and cause resistance. All the axles and components that support rolling wheels also contribute to rolling resistance.

In the case of trains and Hyperloop-ET3 (HET3), if you use maglev, then you’ve got to use linear motors. What are they? If you’ve ever ridden on a modern-day roller coaster and felt extreme acceleration, then you’ve experienced the power and potential of linear motors. The difference in the application – trains vs HET3 would be the mass and weight. Trains weigh a lot and require a lot of energy to move them and whatever’s inside.

In addition, trains still move through the atmosphere so, will always have speed limitations. HET3 requires a lot less energy to get a capsule going. As, HET3 weighs a lot less and is a new design from the ground up that performs inside a vacuum state, like space – so the application of linear motors can be thoughtfully integrated into this new system while unleashing the greater potential they offer. Travel pods weigh a lot less than trains. An additional advantage with HET3 designs is the ability to recapture energy through regenerative braking. ET3 suggests 90% of the energy used to move a pod can be reclaimed using HTSM maglev.

Why Hypersonic speed – aren’t planes fast enough? What about Hyperloop’s supersonic 750 Mph?

The simple answer would be – get where you’re going a lot faster while spending a lot less time sitting, waiting to get there. How much time do we spend in planes and at airports – waiting? A typical flight to S.E. Asia, Bangkok from West Coast U.S. for instance – usually takes 20 hours in the best circumstances. U.S, domestic flights with layovers, boarding, and un-boarding, unless you can get a direct flight, have moved into the 10+ hour category. If Hyperloop were limited to 750 Mph, you’d probably still get there a lot faster than flying. Speed counts for sure.

Airplane travel at sub-sonic speed is faster than a car or train, but it’s still slow. And, it takes a lot of energy to get a plane to fly and stay flying while reaching cruising altitude and speed. Hyperloop in a vacuum will definitely be faster. It will also be a lot more efficient… it has to be. Current sub-sonic airplane travel is just too slow when newer technology has come along to displace it. Although, stated in the Alpha-Hyperloop document gives a peek inside the minds of aerospace dreamers and thinkers. They’d like to keep us in planes, including Elon Musk. Also, flying at supersonic speed will consume even more energy. It will also require that we briefly head into space, then re-enter at the desired location for landing.

There’s a big problem with all this though… If the technology to fly faster costs more to develop and build, if planes use even more energy than today – we can assume that the cost to fly faster will increase. That’s a big problem in the larger realm – eight billion people now inhabit our planet. How will the idea of supersonic airplanes be able to serve the vast majority of travelers who won’t be able to afford it? The larger argument of staying on course with advanced aviation doesn’t hold up.

Unless you’re creating an industry that serves an exclusive group who can afford it, most passengers won’t be flying supersonic. Also, it’s highly doubtful that airplanes are going to get you there at 4000 Mph… then you’ve got the reality of the terminal system that’s completely broken. It’s antiquated and archaic when comparing today’s current air travel design to HET3 designs such as Virgin Hyperloop, Hardt Hyperloop and ET3 – all utilize switched pods that eliminate layovers and plane transfers. Switching changes everything.

What’s the idea behind pod travel path switching & what’s it do for you?

When the ideas started coming out about a vision of Hyperloop travel and what that would look like, it resembled the traditional airport terminals with the idea of making them more like Singapore with all it has to offer. It’s a nice idea, but… with all technological change and utilizing the right/smartest design, the idea of long layovers and lounging in terminals won’t be necessary. Those pretending to be visionaries were clueless about the power and potential, HET3 will eliminate anything that resembles today’s terminal designs.

The people realized immediately that Elon Musk’s “Hyperloop Train” idea could be actually something, never met Daryl Oster and didn’t research the design elegance of ET3. Elon Musk knew about ET3 though – before he published the Hyperloop-Alpha document, but the publication effectively misguided Hyperloop participants away from ET3s ideas. Research and development efforts have cost a lot of money that has finally led to the discovery of Daryl’s ideas… now everyone is thinking along the lines of ET3. But, it they’re not, they’re complete fools following the wrong lead and it will cost them dearly.

When you get into your car and drive somewhere and want to get there – no frills like, do you want to stop and lounge someplace? Usually, the answer would be no unless you like traveling that way or your journey is a long one. When we travel by car, we do that because it’s most convenient and serves our needs best. It also can save a lot of time vs bus or other scheduled methods that use terminals. Most people’s objective when traveling is to get where they’re going. That’s typically the highest priority.

Essentially, switching eliminates the need for elaborate terminals – with HET3, you won’t be waiting for connections, no long layovers. How that’s accomplished is through switching pods during travel. Each pod has a unique destination. Think of the internet and how information travels to get to your screen. It doesn’t stop along the way and wait for a physical handshake – no one has to carry your request by hand and walk it to the next flight so it gets to you eventually. When you put in your request, within seconds, you’ll get a result.

HET3 works very much the same way, except now we’re switching pods in a physical network. An internet for moving people and things. Except when you get inside a small travel pod that seats up to six people, you program your destination and go. Your journey begins when the pod launches and ends when you get there without stopping. Along the travel route, your pod switches to the appropriate tubes in the network until you get there. It’s seamless and extremely efficient – most convenient like your car, but no traffic and goes a lot faster! No terminals required, only stations large and small for getting in and getting out.